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經歷為本

「我認同『讀萬卷書,不如行萬里路』這句說話,但這不是我追求的境界,我希望的是學生在走過萬里路後,再細讀萬卷書!經歷為本學習正正是通往這個境界的學習平台。」

─陳建順校長

經歷為本理念

傳統的教學方式著重教師的單向傳輸知識,教授層面只停留在表層事物認知,欠缺深究,缺少串連,莫論運用,結果造成水過鴨背式學習,學生轉瞬渾忘。經歷為本的課堂著重生活經歷,能帶導學生將知識連繫到生活中,老師帶著豐富的情感與同學歡度課堂,以身作則,運用多向思維的方法促導學生思考,要求他們利用所學知識解難,甚至帶領他們創設相關生活經驗,令他們將知識、態度,技能、情感轉化為人生價值總和,這樣才能造就出樂善勇敢的學生。

以經歷為本為理念的全方位生活體驗課程

現今的小朋友很容易沾染陋習:欠自主、脆弱、不懂愛惜生命、倚賴、怯於表達;傳統教育的模式已不能賦與這?小朋友解決生活困難的能力。經歷為本的課程卻正好填塞這個漏洞。

一年級起要出外參觀,學懂愛惜動物,二、三年級要參加宿營,培養自理能力,四年級以 澳門 為學習主題並比較 港澳 兩地文化,五年級往 廣州黃埔軍校 集訓,鍛鍊心志,六年級到 星加坡 去,比較兩個截然不同的華人社會;這個系統課程除了有學科知識上的元素,背後有一個更大的特色 ─ 要求小朋友暫時脫離親長的庇蔭,學懂在陌生環境中學習與人交往,獨立自主,解難應變,這一連串的經歷,既拓?他們的眼界,又提升抗疫力,更營造與老師同學相處的寶貴愉快時光,回家後,能珍惜家人的關顧,這樣的立體學習,必定叫小朋友終身難忘。

當遊學活動完結時,也代表是課程第二部份開始,我們要將學生從經歷中得到的知識、技能,態度,情感延伸回學校及校園生活中,帶領他們主動發掘更多的相關資料,啟發他們無窮盡的學習意欲,這才是經歷為本的精粹所在﹗

曾梅千禧學校
陳建順校長

Experiential-Based Learning

“I agree that it is better to travel 10,000 miles than to read 10,000 books however, this is not my goal. I hope that our students are able to travel 10,000 miles then read 10,000 books! Experience-based learning is exactly the way that we go to achieve that.”

Chan Kin Shun
Principal of Tsang Mui Millennium School

The principle of experiential-based learning
Traditional teaching methods focus on the teachers’ one way delivery of facts and information, the things that they teach remain very superficial, often lacking extensive exploration, and rarely allowing for the application of what students have learnt. This has contributed to a type of learning where students easily forget what they have been taught – the information rolls out of their brains like water off a duck’s back.

Classes that adopt experiential-based learning focus on life experiences. Students are able to bring the knowledge that they have learnt to life. Teachers are fun and enthusiastic in class and stimulate students to think multi-dimensionally. They also expect students to apply what they have learnt to solve problems. This allows students to absorb knowledge, attitude, skills and emotions into their own values and principles and helps them formulate their opinions, beliefs and individual personalities. This is important because it helps to create brave students with a strong mind-set.

Life Experience Program – Experiential-based learning
Nowadays, children can easily become disheartened and fall into the trap of low self-esteem, poor motivation, depression, failure to cherish life and a lack of confidence which affects their ability to express their own opinions. Experiential-based learning encourages children to think for themselves, see their own potential as problem solvers and agents of change and consider how they can influence the world by their actions. The life experience program consists of two parts; the first is outside school visits and the second is about the applications of what children have learnt during these visits.

In the first part of the programme, Primary 1 students have day-trips which focus on learning to cherish life and respect living creatures including animals and plants. They visit Kadoorie Farm or the Hong Kong Botanical Garden. Primary 2 and 3 students participate in overnight camps to cultivate their self management skills. Primary 4 students join military training in Cheung Chau for 5 days to cultivate their self management skills as well as increase their self-discipline. Primary 5 students go to Singapore to learn about the differences between Asian cities whilst practicing their English. Primary 6 students go to Beijing for 7 days to discover the roots of their own identity, and learn about the history of our country whilst practicing their Putonghua.

This systematic programme not only teaches students academic knowledge but also develops and improves students’ life skills and abilities. Students are removed from their comfort zone without their parents. They have many opportunities to learn and practice how to communicate with others; how to be independent as well as solve problems when they face challenges in an unfamiliar place. This series of exciting experiences are usually eye-opening for children of their age and improve their abilities to engage and persist when they find a task difficult. Additionally, these experiences create many golden memories for students and teachers alike, and students are eager to share these experiences with their families when they return. Students often return from these trips with a greater appreciation for the support and love of their families and friends, as they more fully understand the demands of daily life.

In the second part of the programme, after the visits, we build upon what students have learnt during the trips in classroom and school activities. This enables them to consolidate their learning and develop their skills, attitudes and emotions both at school and their normal lives. We have to guide them to explore more related information as well as stimulate their eagerness to learn. This is the essence of experiential-based learning.

Chan Kin Shun
Principal of Tsang Mui Millennium School